The Luangwa Valley is probably Zambia's best known wildlife area. As well as having very good all-round game, Luangwa is somewhere that has gained a well deserved reputation for walking safaris, though there is a great deal more to do above and beyond. The park consists of large amounts of woodland; miombo interspersed with grass lands in the north of the park and large stands of mature ebony forming deep shade along the banks of the river.
It is the Luangwa River, slowly meandering its way through the park from north to south, which gives the park it's particular character. The soft soil and shallow gradient between the north and south of the park, combine to make ideal conditions for the formation of oxbow lakes. These oxbows eventually silt up and grass over, providing fertile forage for wildlife each season. This helps produce exceptional game viewing as well as some spectacular scenery; grassy glades, magnificent stands of ebony, and tranquil lagoons teaming with birdlife. The Luangwa valley is also criss-crossed with sand rivers and some shallow, clear water rivers that flow all year round.