Formally Toro Game Reserve this was the first protected area to be gazetted in Uganda.
During the troubled years of civil war the wildlife in the park was plundered and the lodge burnt down. After peace was restored, the government realised that tourism and Uganda’s wildlife was paramount to rebuilding the country.
With help from donor funding the reserve was soon restored and the Uganda cob for which this area was noted were soon breeding and numbers increased. Elephant came back, and so too did lions and hyenas.
Semliki's location is notable in that it borders the Ruwenzori mountains in the south, Lake Albert north, the Central African rainforest (the second largest rain forest on earth) to the west, and the eastern edge of the rift valley to the east.
As you can imagine, this makes for a very diverse mixture of vegetation from lowland riparian borassas marshes and deltas to hot springs, savannah, and forests. The variety of habitats plays home to a range of primates including chimps, red tailed monkeys and blue colobus, living alongside lion, forest elephant and savannah elephant. Furthermore, both the northern and southern migrant birds occur here, in addition to a fine endemic collection including the elusive shoebill.